During the Great Patriotic War, appreciating the merits of Admiral Ushakov, the Soviet government established the Order and Medal of Ushakov. The Ushakov Medal was awarded to 12515 sailors, sergeants and petty officers, 178 officers, admirals of the Navy and naval aviation were awarded the Order of Ushakov. After the war, one of the warships of the Navy was named after Ushakov. Since 1974, the Temnikovsky district has been granted the right to send its conscripts to the Admiral Ushakov cruiser As a sign of gratitude to descendants, a monument to F.F. Ushakov has been erected in the city (Illustration No. 9).
Leonid Ivanovich Voinov (1898 - 1967), a talented teacher, virtuoso performer on the balalaika, composer, organizer and leader of the local orchestra of Russian folk instruments, one of the founders of Mordovian professional music, left the inextinguishable light of reason and talent to the Temnikovites. Warriors went from balalaika to composer, People's Artist of the Mordovian ASSR, Honored Artist of the RSFSR. His orchestra was organized in 1917. Expansive and powerful, gentle and heartfelt melodies sound to this day, delivering aesthetic pleasure to listeners. In Temnikov, the house where L.I. Voinov lived has been preserved. A music school and one of the streets of the city bear his name.
Kirill Poluektovich Naryshkin (1623-1691) was a Russian statesman of the 19th century, grandfather of Peter 1. In 1660, he was a voivode in Temnikov. Reorganized the activities of the Temnikovskaya pit, streamlined the involvement of the Posadsky peasants in the postal service.
Alyona Arzamasskaya – Temnikovskaya is the leader of an insurgent detachment during the peasant war under the leadership of S. Razin. Burned by order of Prince Yuri Dolgorukov, in a log cabin on the Market Square in Temnikov.
Theodore of Sanaksarsky (1719-1791) (in the world Ivan Ignatievich Ushakov, uncle of Admiral F.F.Ushakov) is the renewer of the Sanaksarsky monastery. . From 1759 he settled in the Sanaksar desert, in 1762 he was ordained a hieromonk, from 1764 – abbot and builder of the Sanaksar monastery (illustration No. 10).
Nifont (1767-1842) (Vasily Petrovich Chernitsyn in the world) was the ninth abbot and the first abbot of the Sarov Monastery. Contemporary of Seraphim of Sarov.
Ivan Ivanovich Lavrov is one of the prominent professional actors of the mid–19th century.
Novosiltsev Yuri Alexandrovich - the leader of the Temnikovsky nobility from 1884 to 1917, was an honorary justice of the peace, held the post of chairman of the Zemstvo assembly for six years. For 24 years he was a county zemstvo and provincial vowel. He was distinguished by liberal views, the second congress of zemstvo figures of Russia was held in his Moscow apartment in 1905.
Demidov Igor Platonovich (1873-1946) – since 1902, honorary justice of the peace of Temnikovsky district, participant of the Russian-Japanese war, upon his return – Temnikovsky district leader of the nobility and chairman of the zemstvo council.An active participant in the zemstvo movement, a deputy of the 1st State Duma from the Tambov province, a member of the Central Committee of the Cadet Party.
Rudyavsky Alexander Ivanovich (1876-1946) – surgeon, Honored Doctor of the Mordovian ASSR.Since 1909 – head of the Temnikovskaya zemstvo hospital, secretary of the county Red Cross Society, member of the board of the society for mutual assistance of primary school teachers of the city, secretary of the society for mutual assistance to poor students of the city. On Rudyavsky's initiative, the first kindergarten was opened in Temnikov in 1914.
Zakhar Fedorovich Dorofeev (1980-1952) – founder of Mordovian professional fiction, poet, translator, organizer of education of the Mordovian people, public figure, In 1909-14 worked as a folk teacher in the village of Polskoye Ardashevo of Temnikovsky district, was engaged in collecting and translating works of Mordovian folklore into Russian. Since 1918 - Head of the Department of Public Education of Temnikovsky district, during the Civil War – commander of all the armed forces of Temnikovsky district.
Panfilov Ivan Mikhailovich (1909-1989) – civil aviation pilot, senior ship commander, major. During the years of service, he made 4528 flights, flew 5324 hours. After leaving the reserve, he was professionally engaged in painting. The works are kept in the Temnikovsky Local History Museum named after F.F.Ushakov and in private collections in Russia and abroad.
Sergey Vasilyevich Astrakhantsev (1914-1943) – Hero of the Soviet Union, awarded the Order of Lenin.
Evgeny Nikolaevich Kablov (born 1952) is the General Director of the State Enterprise All-Russian Research Institute of Aviation Materials, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. Author of 75 scientific papers, 34 patents and copyright certificates, monograph "Heat resistance of nickel alloys".
Fedor Nikolaevich Bobylev (born 1912) is a Mordovian poet. The poetic talent of a modest school teacher turned out to be on a par with the work of such luminaries as S. Marshak, K. Chukovsky, A. Barto, S. Mikhalkov. The publishing house "Enlightenment" published in the 60s the "Russian Alphabet" for children of the 1st grades of secondary schools. On its pages, next to the works of famous writers, poems by Fyodor Nikolaevich Bobylev were also placed.
In total, he presented about twenty books to young readers. Temnikovsky poet published many poems for the youngest readers in the magazine "Murzilka".